Posts Tagged ‘ strength ’

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Improving Posture

Listed below are major postural muscles, there functions, and exercises to strengthen them.

Erector Spinae Muscle


A weak erector spinae, and therefore a weak back, can cause low back pain and could lead to slouching and bad posture. Doing Back Extensions will help strengthen it and help prevent bad posture.

Levator Scapulae

The Levator Scapulae elevates the scapula and anchorsit in place. Most upper body exercises that involve the stabilization of the scapula would strengthen this muscle. This muscle can also be stretched to prevent tightness. This can be done by tilting the head and one side and holding and then repeating on the other side.


Pectoralis Major

The pectoralis major functions to pull the arms across the body. A tight pectoralis major will pull the shoulders forward (protracting), in turn, causing rounding of the upper back (kyphosis). A few exercises that target the pectoralis major include: pec fly, chest press, and push-ups.


Upper Trapezius

The upper trapezius functions to elevate the scapula, shoulder, and clavicle. Having a strong upper trapezius helps pull the shoulders back, giving you good posture.

Upright rows and dumbbell shrugs will strengthen this muscle.


Rectus Abdominis

The rectus abdominis aids in flexing the trunk and secondarily aids as a hip flexor. A weak core is bad for posture because it causes the shoulders to roll inward and the body to slouch. Sit-ups, crunches, bicycles, and planks are some exercises to strengthen this muscle.



The rhomboids bring the shoulder blades together, as well as, bring them downward. This keeps your shoulders back and allows for better posture. The best exercise to strengthen the rhomboids is rows.


Improving Balance

Previously, the importance of balance for all adults, both young and old, was discussed on the blog. Today we are going to tell you about some ways you can work on improving your balance through a variety of exercises.



Yoga, specifically hatha and lyengar yoga, is very beneficial in improving strength, which helps improve posture. Yoga is an activity that doesn’t target a specific area but instead focuses on the body as a whole. Hatha and lyengar yoga are low-intensity and very relaxing.

The following video is a short demonstration of Hatha Yoga.

Tai Chi:

Tai Chi is a very dynamic type of exercise. It is weight-bearing, low-intensity, and aerobic. It involves slow and gentle movements, deep breathing and some meditation. Some of the benefits of Tai Chi include:

  • improved strength, conditioning, flexibility, and coordination
  • reduced pain and stiffness throughout the body
  • improved balance and a reduced risk of falls
  • improved sleep
  • greater awareness, calmness, and overall sense of well-being

Tai Chi is especially beneficial for older adults. Below is a short demonstration of Tai Chi.

Airex Pads:

Airex pads are foam pads that you can stand, kneel or sit on that take away the proprioception that you receive from the ground. You can do many of your daily exercise with the airex pads or you can just stand on the pad and step on and off the pad either forward/backward or side to side. The airex pad forces you to concentrate more and your strength and balance. To make this
exercise harder, you could stand on one leg, close your eyes, or do core twists with a medicine ball.

Bosu Balls:

Bosu balls are half of a stability ball that can be used two different ways.

The first way is to set it on the flat side and stand on the ball side. This is the easier way of using it. You can stand on the ball with one or two feet and tighten your core and try to balance. This is also good for people with weak ankles because as you try to balance, the muscles and ligaments in your ankle must work hard to stay stable and over time they become stronger.

The second way that you can use the bosu ball is to place the ball side down and stand on the flat side. This is the more difficult way to do it. This way requires much more balance and strength. Use caution when attempting to use the Bosu ball this way because it’s easy to fall off or get injured.

Standing on the Floor:

Even something as simple as standing can help improve your balance.

  • Walk heel-to-toe: make sure the heel of one foot and the toes of the other foot are touching.
    *to make this easier, use one hand against the wall to help balance
    *to make it harder, close your eyes
  • Stand on one foot, alternating feet
    *to make it easier, hold onto a chair or countertop
    *to make it harder, close your eyes

For the older population, a good exercise is to sit down and get up from a chair without using your hands to help. This not only helps with balance, but with leg strength that is needed for everyday activities.


By: Samantha Lawton


“How To Improve Your Balance.” Sample Exercises-Strength/Balance Exercises. National Institute on Aging, 31 Jan
2008. Web. 23 Sep 2011. <>.

“The Health Benefits of Tai Chi and Qigong.” Health and Balance. WebMD, n.d. Web. 23 Sep 2011. <>.

“The Health Benefits of Yoga.” Health and Balance. WebMD, n.d. Web. 23 Sep 2011. <>.