The Influence of Strength Training on Flexibility




The American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) defines physical aptitude’s relationship to health through five components: body composition, aerobic fitness, strength, muscular endurance, and flexibility. Strength and flexibility are of paramount importance for functional autonomy and safe sports participation. Some studies have shown that strength training can help improve flexibility in previously sedentary adults, but it has previously been unclear if strength training alone is enough to improve flexibility.

Simao et. al performed an experiment to verify strength and flexibility gains after isolated or simultaneous strength and flexibility training. They split a group of 80 sedentary women into four groups: strength training, flexibility training, combination of strength and flexibility training, and a control group. They found that strength training alone can increase flexibility. Furthermore, a combination of strength and flexibility training can get more improvement in flexibility. Looking at strength gains, a program of strength and flexibility training increased strength at about the same rate as strength training alone. 

Source: Simão, Roberto, Adriana Lemos, Belmiro Salles, Thalita Leite, Élida Oliveira, Matthew Rhea, and Victor Machado Reis. “The Influence of Strength, Flexibility, and Simultaneous Training on Flexibility and Strength Gains.” Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research (2011): 1. Print.

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